Black Friday – Cool Calm Pete 027

File:Tartrazine.svg 

Yellow #5

타트라(Tartrazine, E 번호 E102 또는 C.I. 19140, FD&C Yellow 5), 곧 황색 4호는는 착색료로 쓰이는 합성 레몬빛 아조 염료이다.[1] 물에 녹으며[2] 수용성이 최대 427±2 nm가 된다.[3]

타트라진은 전 세계적으로 흔히 쓰이는 색으로, 주로 노란 빛깔을 띠지만 다양한 풀빛 그림자를 만들어 내기 위하여 청색 1호(FD&C Blue 1, E133)나 녹색 S호 (E142)와 함께 쓰이기도 한다.

On September 6, 2007, the British Food Standards Agency revised advice on certain artificial food additives, including tartrazine.

Professor Jim Stevenson from Southampton University, and author of the report, said: “This has been a major study investigating an important area of research. The results suggest that consumption of certain mixtures of artificial food colours and sodium benzoate preservative are associated with increases in hyperactive behaviour in children[citation needed].

“However, parents should not think that simply taking these additives out of food will prevent hyperactive disorders. We know that many other influences are at work but this at least is one a child can avoid.”

The following additives were tested in the research:

Sunset yellow (E110) (FD&C Yellow #6) – Coloring found in squashes
Carmoisine (E122) – Red coloring in jellies
Tartrazine (E102) (FD&C Yellow #5) – Yellow coloring
Ponceau 4R (E124) – Red coloring
Sodium benzoate (E211) – Preservative
Quinoline yellow (E104) – Food coloring
Allura red AC (E129) (FD&C Red #40) – Orange / red food dye[14]
On April 10, 2008, the Food Standards Agency called for a voluntary removal of the colors (but not sodium benzoate) by 2009.[15] In addition, it recommended that there should be action to phase them out in food and drink in the European Union (EU) over a specified period.[16]

UK ministers have agreed that the six colorings will be phased out by 2009.[17]

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